Transverse myelitis is an inflammatory condition of the spinal cord, which affects thel covering of the nerve cell fibers (myelin). Transverse myelitis causes diminished or absent sensation below the level of the injury injury.
The disrupted transmission of nerve signals due to transverse myelitis can cause pain or other sensory problems, weakness or paralysis of muscles, or bladder and bowel dysfunction. Transverse meylitis has been associated with infections outside the spine, with autoimmune disorders and multiple sclerosis. Treatment for transverse myelitis includes anti-inflammatory drugs, steroids, plasma exchange or immunosupressive drugs and medications to manage symptoms and rehabilitation therapy. Most people with transverse myelitis experience at least partial recovery, which can take as long as several years. Intensive rehab once recovery begins is fully warranted.
T.F. Scott, MD et al, Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology
Evidence-based guideline: Clinical evaluation and treatment of transverse myelitis
Neurology December 13, 2011 vol. 77 no. 24 2128-2134
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